HbA1c stands for glycated hemoglobin — it is the amount of glucose (sugar) linked to hemoglobin.
Hemoglobin A1C, also known as hemoglobin A1, is one of the most common blood tests for evaluating blood glucose levels over the past two to three months (HbA1c). Testing for hemoglobin A1C is used to diagnose diabetes and to check on the effectiveness of a diabetes treatment regimen.
Whether you have diabetes, prediabetes, or are at risk of acquiring either condition, professionals may have brought up your hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C or A1C) levels. To learn more about HbA1c, read the blog below.
What is an HbA1C test?
An HbA1C (A1C) test determines how effectively your body uses blood glucose. Hemoglobin, which carries blood throughout the body, is bound by glucose as soon as it enters the bloodstream. The more hemoglobin your blood sugar binds, the higher it is. It is a common blood test that can be done whenever and wherever without fasting.
It is believed that A1C levels of up to 5.6% or less are common. If the reading is between 5.7% and 6.5%, you may have prediabetes, and a reading of 6.5% or more indicates diabetes.
To confirm a diabetes diagnosis or to establish how well your blood sugar is controlled, doctors typically advise the following additional tests:
- Urine test to detect glucose
- Random blood sugar test
After confirmation, you can be instructed to begin taking medication and living a healthy lifestyle.
Symptoms of high HbA1C Levels
If your HbA1c result is positive, you most likely won’t exhibit any pre-diabetic symptoms. On the other hand, certain typical signs of diabetes are indicated by your HbA1c test, and these include:
- severe thirst (polydipsia)
- a lot of urinating (polyuria)
- weight loss
- blurry vision
If you notice any of these signs or symptoms, you should probably see a professional. If you notice any of these signs or symptoms, you should probably see a professional. However, it’s important to remember that every person may experience different symptoms, some of which may even be nonexistent or minor.
Blood sugar levels can be increased for a variety of reasons, which also affect HbA1c levels.
- chronic stress
- an unhealthful diet
- lack of exercise
- Specific medications — for example, steroids
Ways to lower your A1C levels
HbA1c levels can be lowered down by following the diabetes care plan your doctor has prescribed for you. It will include:
- A healthy and balanced diet:
A healthy diet is crucial. Make sure that your diet should have the appropriate amount of proteins, vitamins, carbohydrates, proteins, fiber, and minerals. Avoid overindulging in carbohydrates; this is crucial.
Moderate eating is necessary for people with diabetes, not complete avoidance. Eat and drink less processed sugar-containing items. Instead of snacking straight from the box or package, make it a habit of eating from a plate. This will help you control your portion.
- Seek the help of a clinical nutritionist :
You can get help from a clinical nutritionist in developing a diet that is healthy for you. They’ll explain to you what your healthy weight range is and how to get there successfully.
- Regularly monitor your blood sugar:
If your doctor thinks it’s necessary, they might suggest home blood sugar monitoring when you initially start treatment.
Purchase a glucometer so that you can monitor your blood sugar levels at home. Make sure you get a proper glucose blood test at least once every two months or as your doctor advises.
- Taking the medication on time:
Depending on the severity of your problem, your doctor may advise either tablets or insulin injections. Never miss a dosage, and ask your doctor for advice if you need it.
Here are some tips for reducing your HbA1C level. By keeping it below 5.6 or at least 6%, you can prevent developing diabetes or at least appropriately control it. However, if you have any more queries, it is advisable that you consult a physician.